By Bardhyl Demiraj
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Extra info for Albanische Etymologien
But it can and does contribute to making some sense of how that readily observable kind of creativity is possible, and why it is available only to humans. Summarizing, ‘ordinary’ linguistic creativity is uncaused, unbounded/innovative, and appropriate/coherent. Explaining why it is available only to humans 42 Introduction to the third edition is easy: so far as is known, only humans have language faculties, and these are organic systems in a brain/mind that has multiple systems, some of which the language system ‘communicates’ with.
In an important contribution to Science in 2002, Chomsky along with Marc Hauser and Tecumseh Fitch compared humans to other species with various communication and other systems. They pointed out that other species seem to have at least some of the conceptual materials we express in language, and that other species can both articulate linguistic sounds and signs and perceive them. But no other species has linguistic recursion, the capacity to take lexical items/ words and ‘compose’ them, producing hierarchical structures of – in principle – indefinite length.
If you do not, you cannot describe a language at all, nor decide whether your grammar is the correct one – that is, satisfy descriptive adequacy conditions. Of course, Chomsky had an advantage over the Port-Royalists; mathematics and other formal studies had advanced a great deal in the intervening centuries. But that does not diminish his contribution. Another, more fundamental advance was in the primary task for those who want not only to describe, but to explain. While the Port-Royalists aimed in their attempt to produce a universal grammar to develop one that could explain as well as describe, what they offered – in part by virtue of lack of precision – could not explain why a child’s mind, given data under poverty of the stimulus conditions, selects grammar X as opposed to all the thousands of other possibilities.
Albanische Etymologien by Bardhyl Demiraj