By Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie
Brillante et courte synthèse, suggestive et instructive, des résultats de près d’un demi-siècle de recherches historiennes sur le climat.
Un élément essentiel dans les débats en cours sur l’avenir de los angeles planète.
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Additional resources for Abrégé d'histoire du climat : Du Moyen Âge à nos jours
1377) and some of the poems of Charles d’Orléans, who was captive in England 1415–40. Competence in Latin and French was restricted by economic and social status, and by gender, meaning that access to literature was closely associated with social and economic privilege. Those destined for careers in the Church would usually be taught some Latin at school. Because medieval society recruited talent into the Church from lower as well as higher social groups, Latinity was not entirely restricted by social class.
The song is set to music, and marked up with instructions in Latin for singing as a rota (round song). The singers must stagger their entries. When the fi rst singer reaches “Lhude” the second begins at “Svmer” and so on, so the song is an endless cycle. ” Old English offers nothing to parallel this Middle English love lyric; it refers to the French love lyric. French literature offered models for the spring song or reverdie, in which spring and its natural music – birdsong – provide an occasion to sing about the pains of human love.
Xi–xii. 4 London, British Library, MS Harley 978, f. 11v. 5 Idea of the Vernacular, p. 59. 6 James I. Wimsatt, Chaucer and His French Contemporaries: Natural Music in the Fourteenth Century (University of Toronto Press, 1991), pp. 27–28. 7 The Parlement of the Thre Ages, in Alliterative Poetry of the Later Middle Ages: An Anthology, ed. Thorlac Turville-Petre (London: Routledge, 1989), p. 70, line 1. 8 Winner and Waster, in Alliterative Poetry, p. 58, lines 349–53. 9 Piers Plowman, pp. 17–22. 10 John H.
Abrégé d'histoire du climat : Du Moyen Âge à nos jours by Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie