By Margarita Diaz-Andreu
Margarita Diaz-Andreu deals an cutting edge historical past of archaeology through the 19th century, encompassing all its fields from the origins of humanity to the medieval interval, and all parts of the realm. the improvement of archaeology is put in the framework of up to date political occasions, with a selected concentration upon the ideologies of nationalism and imperialism. Diaz-Andreu examines quite a lot of matters, together with the construction of associations, the conversion of the learn of antiquities right into a career, public reminiscence, adjustments in archaeological concept and perform, and the impact on archaeology of racism, faith, the idea in development, hegemony, and resistance.
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Additional resources for A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past (Oxford Studies in the History of Archaeology)
Chapter 8 compares British India with French Indochina, Dutch Indonesia, and independent Siam (today’s Thailand). The very diVerent stories of each of the regions show the wide diversity in the ways antiquities may be used in a colonial context. In all areas there would be expeditions, societies, museums, and legislation, but the rate at which they appeared and the speciWc forms they took varied from one place to another. A point all shared was the interest in ancient religions—Wrst in Hinduism and then in 6 In this volume concepts such as ‘savage’, ‘primitive’, and ‘barbarian’ are used as they would have been employed in the nineteenth century and usually written without inverted commas.
Interestingly, it may be worth indicating a similarity here between Scandinavia—in particular Sweden—with both Spain and Britain: all of them were early modern empires, although in the case of Sweden the area of expansion was in the neighbouring areas of the Baltic (Roberts 1979). Books produced by antiquarians of this period range from the 1546 De Antiquitate Britannia by John Leland, 1555 Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus by the Swede Olaus Magnus (1490–1557), to 1575 Antigu¨edades by Ambrosio de Morales, and 1586 Britannia by William Camden (1551–1623).
Resistance was weaker in the Ottoman Empire, whose interest for the past of the Great Civilizations in the early modern period had been much lower. The diYculties faced in controlling the Powers’ desire for its Greek antiquities would only be addressed when young scholars educated—at least in part—in the West (mainly in Paris) attained positions of importance in the state machinery. This was the case of Hamdi Bey in Constantinople (modern Istanbul), who from the 1880s was the main promoter of legislation, the modernizer of the Archaeological Museum, and the Wrst advocate of scientiWc excavations and of archaeological publications.
A World History of Nineteenth-Century Archaeology: Nationalism, Colonialism, and the Past (Oxford Studies in the History of Archaeology) by Margarita Diaz-Andreu