By Stephen Trombley
A brief, sharp and enjoyable survey of the improvement of all features of the Western philosophical culture from the traditional Greeks to the current day.
Stephen Trombley's A brief heritage of Western Thought, outlines the 2,500-year background of ecu principles from the philosophers of Classical Antiquity to the thinkers of today.
No significant consultant of any major strand of Western concept escapes Trombley's realization: the Christian Scholastic theologians of the center a long time, the nice philosophers of the Enlightenment, the German idealists from Kant to Hegel; the utilitarians Bentham and Mill; the transcendentalists Emerson and Thoreau; Kierkegaard and the existentialists; the analytic philosophers Russell, Moore, Whitehead and Wittgenstein; and - final yet now not least - the 4 shapers-in-chief of our sleek global: Karl Marx, Charles Darwin, Sigmund Freud and Albert Einstein.
A brief background of Western Thought is a masterly distillation of two-and-a-half millennia of highbrow historical past, and a readable and unique crash path in Western philosophy.
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Extra resources for A Very Short History of Western Thought
Armor During the second and third centuries AD, Roman armor changed, and the hard, solid, and immobile breastplate was replaced by a more flexible cuirass (a lorica segmentata). Six or seven thick horizontal bronze strips were attached by hooks and buckles onto a leather undergarment to cover the lower chest and stomach area to below the waist. The shoulders were covered with several curved strips of bronze secured to a pair of front and back metal plates that were attached to two sets of horizontal strips that protected the lower part of the body.
During the fourth century, Ammianus Marcellinus writes that he had seen Roman “infantrymen with shields and crests gleaming with glittering rays, clad in shining mail,” but in the early fifth century, Vegetius is less positive about the Roman soldiers’ attitude toward their armor: But when, because of negligence and laziness, parade ground drills were abandoned, the customary armor began to seem heavy since the soldiers rarely ever wore it. Therefore, they first asked the emperor to set aside the breastplates and mail and then the helmets.
However, it has not been determined why the Germans did not wear armor or helmets or, in many cases, carry a shield. Was this because of the Germans’ scarcity of metal, as Tacitus contended? Was it because the barbarians used tactics that simply did not necessitate the same armor as the Romans? Or did they simply face enemies who also fought without armor? The lack of armor seemed to have carried on into the very earliest invasion of the Roman Empire, by the Visigoths, who, as noted already, were forced to surrender their arms and armor to the Romans on entering the Empire.
A Very Short History of Western Thought by Stephen Trombley