By John J. McCarthy
This e-book describes Optimality concept from the head down, explaining and exploring the vital premises of OT and the consequences that stick to from them. Examples are drawn from phonology, morphology, and syntax, however the emphasis all through is at the concept instead of the examples, on realizing what's unique approximately OT and on equipping readers to use it, expand it, and critique it of their personal components of curiosity. The book's assurance extends to paintings on first- and second-language acquisition, phonetics and sensible phonology, computational linguistics, old linguistics, and sociolinguistics. Chapters finish with broad feedback for additional examining, categorized via subject, and are supplemented through a tremendous bibliography (over 800 items).
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Extra info for A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory
Subsequent development of the analysis will target in on candidates showing particular properties. a in (19)) can be brought into conflict, so as to get a fuller picture of the constraint hierarchy. The results of this deduction can then 36 Core of Optimality Theory be brought to bear on the search for input-candidate pairs that can supply ranking arguments for these constraints. Another strategy is to seek confirmation for transitive rankings from direct arguments. If ranking arguments for [A » Bj and |B » C] have already been established, it is wise to look for an input-candidate pair that brings A and C into direct conflict.
Candl harmonically bounds Cand2 if and only if Candl incurs a proper subset of Cand2's violation-marks, as in tableau (8a). 1), candidates that are harmonically bounded by the winner are those that have a W but no L in their row. The harder task is figuring out which candidates one should worry about. There is no certain procedure here, because OT's highly interactive character can challenge the best analyst's skills. But there are three basic strategies: one to use at the beginning of analysis, one in the middle, and one at the end.
Y> *NUCLEUS/LIQUID » *NUCLEUS/VOWEL]] and \... » *ONSET/FRICATIVE » *ONSET7STOP]. 2). 3 Constraint Interaction Constraint interaction through ranking is the basis of description and explanation in OT. The interaction of simple constraints can produce patterns of surprising complexity. Permuting the ranking yields an array of typological predictions. CO§151I8 The material in Chapter 3 shows how these simple interactions fit into the larger picture. 1 Faithful and Unfaithful Mappings In theory, the interaction of a few constraints should always be studied in the broader context of the full constraint hierarchy.
A Thematic Guide to Optimality Theory by John J. McCarthy