By Winfred P. Lehmann
Copyright 1967 Indiana collage Press
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Additional resources for A Reader in Nineteenth Century Historical Indo-European Linguistics
Grimm's concentration on taxonomy spared him all such ventures. He was also fortunate in his ignorance of phonetics, which permitted him to class together consonants which were quite different in articulation, and to produce a statement which passes beyond details to the system. Examination of details, as by Raumer, Grassmann, Verner, clarified exceptions, but it also for a time undermined the unity which Grimm saw in the shift, and which a structural approach has restored. The translation has been deliberately kept stark to illustrate Grimm's pioneering.
G. 36 From this one sees that Gk in Latin often becomes a, and o becomes u; by bringing together many words one would be able to draw up many transition rules.  Thracian (pp. 177-8) After having considered the three eastern classes of languages: Finnish, which had little or no relation with Icelandic, Slavic, which was closely related, and Lettish, which seemed even nearer; we find to the south the Roman class of languages and the New Greek. The Romance is of greatest extent; to it belong Italian, Spanish, Portuguese and French, but all these languages are more notable for their development, harmony and literary riches than for age or remote origin.
Sibun --- aper, ON iöfor,AS ëbar OHG ëbar -- Gk hupér, super, Goth. ufar, ON yfir, OHG ubar --- rapina, AS reáf, OHG roub. II. (B, P, F) 1) For inital position, I know no example to support my view that the Germanic words with initial p, HG f (ph) are lacking (above p. 55, 131, 212, 247, 397, 462). 2) Medial position: Gk kánnabis, cannabis, ON hanpr, OHG hanaf; should turba be compared with Goth. þaúrp, OHG dorof; stabulum with ON stöpull, OHG staphol; labi with hláupan, loufan? 58 III. (PH, B, P) The aspirate of the older languages itself still requires closer attention; Sanskrit recognizes both ph and bh, which appear mixed in Gk ph, Lat.
A Reader in Nineteenth Century Historical Indo-European Linguistics by Winfred P. Lehmann