Read e-book online A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval PDF

By Anthony Kenny

ISBN-10: 019875275X

ISBN-13: 9780198752752

Sir Anthony Kenny the following keeps his interesting account of the historical past of philosophy, concentrating on the thousand-year-long medieval interval. this can be the second one quantity of a four-book set within which Kenny will spread a magisterial new historical past of Western philosophy, the 1st significant single-author historical past of philosophy to seem in decades.

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Extra resources for A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval Philosophy

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Islamic theology (kalam) had already developed a rudimentary philosophical vocabulary and was initially—and subsequently—hostile to this foreign system of ideas (falsafa). 12 Whereas for Western thinkers like Augustine the vulgar Latin of Bible translations had made Christianity initially distasteful, for the kalam scholars of the Quran it was the broken Arabic of the Aristotelian translations that proved a stumbling block to the acceptance of philosophy. For a while they resisted the idea that logic had universal validity, treating it rather as an obscure branch of Greek grammar.

Since one can no longer equate ‘material’ with ‘bodily’ in his system, Ibn Gabirol has to introduce, like Avicenna, a form of corporeality to make bodies bodies. Ibn Gabirol’s universal hylomorphism was to have a considerable inXuence on thirteenth-century Latin Aristotelianism (PMA 359–67). Meanwhile, both in Christianity and in Islam, the eleventh century saw a reaction against philosophy on the part of conservative theologians. St Peter Damiani (1007–72), angered by philosophical criticisms of Catholic beliefs about the Eucharist, trumpeted that God had not chosen to save his people by means of dialectic.

Thus it passes beyond love of beauty in search of Truth, a pursuit that brings it into contact with the ideal realities of the world of Mind. But it has a faculty higher than that of thought, and that brings it, by mystical ecstasy, into union with the One. The theory of triads bears some resemblance to the Christian doctrine of the Trinity, but in fact Proclus, though a devotee of many superstitions, was bitterly hostile to Christianity. He was, indeed, reputed to have written eighteen separate refutations of the Christian doctrine of creation.

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A New History of Western Philosophy: Volume 2: Medieval Philosophy by Anthony Kenny

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