By Moshe Gil
This was once the 1st complete historical past of Palestine from the Muslim conquest in 634 to that of the Crusaders in 1099. it's a 1992 translation and revised model of quantity I of Palestine throughout the First Muslim interval which was once released in Hebrew in 1983 and provides an authoritative survey of the early mediaeval Islamic and Jewish worlds. in response to a powerful array of resources together with files from the Cairo Geniza assortment, the writer examines the lives of the Jewish, Christian and Muslim groups of Palestine opposed to a historical past of the political and army occasions of the interval. particular consciousness is paid to the historical past of Palestinian Jews below Muslim rule. an important source for college kids and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish background, spiritual experiences and for someone attracted to the background of the Holy Land.
Professor Gil starts off through reviewing the political and armed forces occasions in Palestine sooner than and after the Arab invasion. Later chapters discover the Abbasid, Tiiliinid, Ikhshidid and Fatimid classes, within which time Palestine used to be a nearly perpetual battlefield for states, armies and factions. by contrast backdrop of clash and administrative alterations, the writer portrays the standard lifetime of Palestine and its population. He appears on the financial heritage of Palestine- its agriculture, shipping amenities, exports and platforms of taxation- in addition to the spiritual prestige ofJerusalem, the character of Islam's tolerance in the direction of Jews and Christians and the prestige, management and customs of the Christian population. particular recognition is paid to the background of Palestinian Jews less than Muslim rule. Professor Gil information their topography, financial actions and spiritual lifestyles; he explores the Karaite and Samaritan groups and discusses the function of the main well known Jewish establishment, the yeshiva.
"A background of Palestine, 634-1099" is predicated on a magnificent array of assets. Professor Gil has rigorously learn the greater than 1,000 records of the Cairo Geniza assortment and those are paralleled through Arabic, Syriac, Latin and Greek fabric. This huge learn should be learn through scholars and experts of mediaeval Islamic and Jewish historical past and non secular reports and via somebody attracted to the historical past of the Holy Land.
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Additional info for A History of Palestine, 634-1099
There is no questioning the fact that these difficulties contributed considerably to the success of the Muslim wars of conquest. The local Byzantine administration was inefficient as was its military command. Quite detailed information regarding this state of affairs has been preserved in Egyptian papyri and one can undoubtedly assume that there was little difference between Egypt and Palestine in terms of administration and military matters. e. patricius, the Byzantine estate owner, who also served as commander in the army, whether in Egypt, Syria or Palestine.
The Arabian peninsula, and especially J:Iijaz, was far from being a paradise. It had few natural resources and produced insufficient crops to satisfy the immediate needs of the Bedouin population, which throughout this period lived in a state of near-starvation. Indeed there was a jihad, an effort on the part of the Bedouin, but this was merely an effort to extricate themselves from the hardship of desert life. The quality of the land in the peninsula and the economic deprivation that resulted from it, claims one scholar, would eventually have brought about the migration of masses of Bedouin northward in the seventh century, even if a Prophet had not arisen in their midst who preached the unity of God and heralded the Day of Reckoning.
They invaded the territories of these two kingdoms in Asia and Africa with the brazen determination to carry out the Prophet's orders and ultimately to impose the mastery of the new religion on the entire world. This religious fervour 12 THE CAUSES OF THE GREAT JIHAD [SECS. 12-17) turned the Muslim into a courageous fighter, contemptuous of death. The war was seen as the supreme effort (jihad, a well-known term meaning firstly 'effort'), to go the way dictated by God (fi sabtl Allah). Whoever falls on the way is promised a place in Paradise, and shall there enjoy the most sumptuous pleasures of this world.
A History of Palestine, 634-1099 by Moshe Gil