By John Peterson
Kharia, spoken in central-eastern India, is a member of the southern department of the Munda relatives, which varieties the western department of the Austro-Asiatic phylum, stretching from crucial India to Vietnam. the current research presents the main broad description of Kharia so far and covers all significant parts of the grammar. Of specific curiosity within the number of Kharia defined the following, is that there's no facts for assuming the lifestyles of parts-of-speech, comparable to noun, adjective and verb. relatively features comparable to reference, amendment and predication are expressed by means of one among syntactic constructions, stated the following as 'syntagmas'. the quantity could be of equivalent curiosity to basic linguists from the fields of typology, linguistic idea, areal linguistics, Munda linguistics in addition to South Asianists generally.
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Additional resources for A Grammar of Kharia (Brill's Studies in South and Southwest Asian Languages)
1 In fast speech the "echo-vowel" (and, less often, the glottal stop) is generally omitted. 1. 4. /g/ vs. /k/: fbi vs. fbh/: It! vs. y' /d/ vs. aru 'fool' It! vs. a 'tomorrow' /pi vs. /Ij/: eft 'open (of clouds), clear' I e1J 'return' (rm) /m/vs. /n/: JlOm 'bask in the sun' I JlOn 'drive (an ox-cart)' Ill vs. 1. PHONOLOGY 31 lrl vs. Is/: lrl vs. ilb 'night' go 1cf. o. a'l 'husk' lml vs. 1 Gemination Geminates of most consonants are allowed but only at morpheme boundaries: loton=nal [:Jt>n:a] [press=INF] 'press' Pairs such as the following show that consonant length, unlike vowel length, can be phonemic: 5.
The one written text which had not been written especially for this author is very different from these other texts. ], and finally through India to their present home in easterncentral India. The story had been handed down orally in the speaker's family but had been put down in writing at some time. A number of songs were also included in the corpus. In fact, once I had asked for a few songs, I was virtually inundated with a large selection to choose from, two of which were also composed by the persons who sang INTRODUCTION 1HE KHARIA LANGUAGE 15 them for me.
This work (two volumes) contains information on virtually all aspects of Kharia life in the early twentieth century, with the exception of the language. It stands alone in its scope in Munda ethnography and is so detailed that it has even led one modem scholar to write of it that "Later ethnographic accounts have nothing significant to add" (Pfeffer, 1993: 222). Other, more recent ethnological studies in English include Pfeffer (1993) on Kharia totemism, Sinha (1984) on the Hill Kharia, and Vidyarthi & Upadhyay (1980) on all three Kharia groups.
A Grammar of Kharia (Brill's Studies in South and Southwest Asian Languages) by John Peterson