By Christopher Corèdon, Ann Williams
An curiosity within the heart a long time frequently brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a observe or time period which isn't understood or basically imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of actual support to basic readers and experts alike. The dictionary comprises a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the felony and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of everyday life. Latin used to be the language of the church, legislations and executive, and plenty of Latin phrases illustrated listed below are usually present in smooth books of heritage of the interval; equally, the fitting that means of outdated English and center English phrases may well elude today's reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that understanding the starting place and evolution of a note supplies a greater knowing. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use this day, an additional relief to clarifying that means.
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Additional info for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
Such places were in the charge of a *berebretus. e. ] – Cf. Bere; Inland Berfrois. A grandstand constructed to allow spectators a view of the *tournament from above ground-level. The word was also used to refer to a watch tower and is the AN form of *berefredum. – Cf. Recet Berm. That area between a plain or *curtain wall of a castle and its ditch or moat. Bernardines. A name given sometimes to the Cistercian order in recognition of St Bernard of Clairvaux, their most distinguished member. The name Bernadine Sisters was used of an order of *Franciscan sisters in Poland in the mid-15c.
In English he was known as the Baillie of the Eagle. [L bajulus = steward; aquilae = of the eagle] Bakers, Worshipful Company of. The bakers of London are first found in the *Pipe Rolls of 1155, when they made an annual payment to the *exchequer. The bakers were given authority by London’s aldermen to enforce the assize of bread within two miles of the city, excluding the city of Westminster. Although short weight was an obvious failing, this might be evaded by adding sand to flour – something bakers themselves might easily discover, as would the buyer’s mouth.
However, nativus was also used as a synonym. – Cf. -agium Bezant 1 [byzant]. Gold or silver coin minted at Byzantium (named Constantinople in 330; Istanbul since 1926) of which ‘bezant’ is a corruption. Through much of the early Middle Ages, the only gold coins in circulation were Byzantine; the quality, and therefore their value, was always reliable. In the West only silver coins were minted, while the bezant was universally accepted. – Cf. Angel 2; Bisantius albus Bezant 2. Her. A gold *roundel.
A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher Corèdon, Ann Williams