By Adriaen van der Donck
This variation of an outline of recent Netherland offers the 1st entire and actual English-language translation of an important first-hand account of the lives and global of Dutch colonists and northeastern local groups within the 17th century. Adriaen van der Donck, a graduate of Leiden college within the 1640s, turned the legislations enforcement officer for the Dutch patroonship of Rensselaerswijck, situated alongside the higher Hudson River. His place enabled him to engage largely with Dutch colonists and the neighborhood Algonquians and Iroquoians. An astute observer, unique recorder, and available author, Van der Donck used to be preferably located to put in writing approximately his studies and the traditional and cultural worlds round him.Van der Donck’s Beschryvinge van Nieuw-Nederlant used to be first released in 1655 after which extended in 1656. An misguided and abbreviated English translation seemed in 1841 and used to be reprinted in 1968. This new quantity good points a correct, polished translation by means of Diederik Willem Goedhuys and comprises the entire fabric from the unique 1655 and 1656 variations. the result's an imperative first-hand account with enduring price to historians, ethnohistorians, and anthropologists. (20090130)
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Additional info for A Description of New Netherland (The Iroquoians and Their World)
The country also has many button-shaped fruits like Spanish capers, which could be trained up. Of the Fruit Trees Brought Over from the Netherlands Dutch horticulturists, noting the opportunities existing in New Netherland, have ventured to carry across and plant various apple and pear trees that thrive there. The trees will also grow from seed, and I have seen specimens that by the sixth year bore delicious fruit without having been grafted. If stocks or cuttings are not available, grafting also works well on a trunk cut oﬀ close to the ground, so that in time the graft itself makes roots; otherwise the fruit may be rather stony.
Several of our people have penetrated far into the country to at least seventy or eighty miles from the coastline. We often trade with Indians from parts ten, twenty, or more days’ travel inland who have been hunting beavers still farther out, but they are not aware of any end, limit, or boundary, and appear amazed when questioned concerning it. Therefore we may safely say that the full extent of the country is not known, though there are indications, such as the prevailing wind from landward, the severe cold, the multitude of beavers and other game being caught, and the passage and return of great ﬂocks of waterfowl, that the land stretches for hundreds of miles into the interior, so that the size of this province is as yet unknown.
I have often seen him since that time and heard him tell the story. Of the North River | Of the Fresh River The Fresh River [Connecticut River], thus named for having an abundance of fresh water, more than any other, is yet another very good location and navigable watercourse. Wellsituated ﬁelds border it, and it also carries a rather good trade in pelts. But as this river and the adjacent country have been widely invaded and are still held by the English nation, to the great detriment of the honorable West India Company and at a loss of thousands every year, it would only distress us to review this matter, which was very fully treated in the Remonstrance of New Netherland.
A Description of New Netherland (The Iroquoians and Their World) by Adriaen van der Donck