By Earl R. Mac Cormac
During this ebook, Earl Mac Cormac provides an unique and unified cognitive concept of metaphor utilizing philosophical arguments which draw upon facts from mental experiments and theories. He notes that implications of this idea for which means and fact with particular recognition to metaphor as a speech act, the long-lasting which means of metaphor, and the advance of a four-valued approach of fact. a variety of examples of metaphor from poetry and technological know-how are awarded and analyzed to help Mac Cormac's theory."A Cognitive concept of Metaphor takes up 3 degrees of explanation--metaphor as expressed in floor language, the semantics of metaphor, and metaphor as a cogitive process--and unifies those via analyzing metaphor as an evolutionary wisdom approach during which metaphors mediate among minds and tradition. Mac Cormac considers, and rejects, the novel thought that each one use of language is metaphorical; notwithstanding, this argument additionally acknowledges that the "theory of metaphor may well itself be metaphorical.The booklet first considers the computational metaphor usually followed via cognitive psychology for instance of metaphor requiring research. unlike 3 recognized philosophical theories of metaphor - the stress conception, the controversion thought, and the grammatical deviance concept - it develops a semantical anomaly concept of metaphor in accordance with a quasi-mathematical hierarchy of phrases. In constructing the idea, Mac Cormac makes much-needed connections among theories of metaphor and extra orthodox analytic philosophy of which means, together with discussions of speech acts and the common sense of fuzzy units. This semantical concept of rationalization is then proven to be suitable with modern psychologicaltheories of memory.Earl R. MacCormac is Charles A. Dana Professor of Philosophy and Chairman of the dept of Philosophy, Davidson collage. A Bradford ebook.
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Additional resources for A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor
Black's interaction theory allows for a reversal of his own termsthe focus may become the frame and the frame the focus. I agree with these theorists that another necessary condition for metaphor must be the presence of at least two referents, but I resist suggesting that one referent be identified with the familar and the other with the unfamiliar. Later, I will attempt to clarify the relationship between the surface language of a metaphor and the deeper cognitive structure. I identify the referents with the latter rather than with the former.
My theory of metaphor presumes a cognitive theory that presumes the use of at least a basic metaphor (and probably conveyance metaphors as well). This circularity seems like a process of mirroring: the image of metaphor is reflected back to cognition and that of cognition is reflected back to metaphor. But are there one or two images? At this point we cannot tell, but I can offer a possible escape from this reflected circularity. 07] page_21 < previous page page_21 next page > Page 21 The metaphorical process not only involves the mind and the brain but it also presumes the external world with its wealth of symbols and culture.
A. 10] page_25 < previous page page_25 next page > Page 25 described the underlying idea (principle subject) of a metaphor as the tenor and the less well known as the vehicle of imagined nature. This seems to imply that the two referents of a metaphor arise from cognition beneath the surface language words appearing in the metaphor. There remains the possibility, however, of having the tenor refer to the first surface language term of a metaphor as the familiar term and to the second surface language term as the less familiar.
A Cognitive Theory of Metaphor by Earl R. Mac Cormac